On 17 June 2015, Dylann Roof, shot and killed 9 members of a Bible study at Emmanuel African Methodist Church in Charleston, South Carolina. The response of the family and fellow-members of the church to this atrocity stunned the US. They, as individuals and and a group, said that they forgave Roof. There was much confusion about and criticism of their forgiveness by some. But most stood back amazed and impressed at these faithful followers of Christ.